Officials Training for Races
The officials program stresses the integration of theory with practice at all levels. It is essential that officials have officiating skills that will match the competitors‟ performance levels. Competitors have the right to expect that officials have a high level of expertise so that results reflect the athletes‟ ability and skills without being compromised by the incompetence of race officials or “luck”.
The following are the basic criteria for certification of the four levels of alpine under the National Alpine Officials program.
This is the entry-level course that prepares new officials for club and Zone races in positions. It is an introduction to race organization and the various positions with particular emphasis on timekeeping and gate judging. There are no course pre-requisites or required experience. Course attendance automatically qualifies the participant as Level 1 Alpine Official. Parents find this course an excellent introduction to race officiating, one that gives them an insight into the racing program as a whole.
Time required: 3 hours or less
This course is designed as a detailed introduction to alpine ski racing and the roles and duties of various officials. It is a fairly intensive course that does not repeat the material covered in Level 1 and does require some prior knowledge and experience in order that the material covered is absorbed to the best advantage. Level II officials are qualified for several Chief and Jury positions
Length: Up to 8 hours including a 1 hour exam in one day or two evenings.
Pre-requisites: Level I certification and a minimum of eight days officiating experience in at least 3 different positions from 2 different categories listed in the table (below).
Exam: 1 hour – multiple choice, T/F, and short answers. Open book.
The Level III course is an interactive one with an emphasis on discussion and the exchange of ideas, opinions, and experiences by the participants and the instructor(s). The course is designed for officials with considerable practical experience. It covers rules to particular disciplines as well as the work and duties of the Jury and Technical Delegate in detail. Also covered are the duties of senior officials, course preparation, maintenance and setting, as well as calculations of points and penalties. Throughout the course, participants take part in case studies taken from actual experiences and will be asked to make decisions on these as well as participating in Jury decisions.
Time required: About 12 hours. Generally given on a weekend but can be given over 4 evenings.
Pre-requisites: Level II certification and practical experience since obtaining Level 2 as follows:
(a) Chief of Race at a K1 or higher level event;
(b) One of the following positions: Chief of Course; Chief of Timing and Calculation; Chief of Gate Judges; Chief of Administration (Race Secretary)
(c) Two assignments as voting/non-voting jury member (other than Chief of Race);
(d) An assignment as an official at a FIS level event in a position listed in the table that is different than (a)-(c)
It is only open to those who have the necessary pre-requisites as detailed above or are identified as being very close to having the necessary practical. Participants must be recommended by the PSO Officials Chair.
Exam: 2 hour open book exam
In order to become a Level 4 Official, it is necessary to be recommended to the National Officials Committee by the PSO Officials Chair. Level 4 Officials are the most experienced officials, having showed a superior level of ability. Among the qualifications required of a Level 4 Official are: Level 3 certification with, at a minimum, having obtained the following experience in since obtaining Level 3 certification:
(a) Satisfactory performance as the Chief of Race at a FIS level event.
(b) Assignment as voting or non-voting Jury member at a race minimum National or provincial level, or at a regional speed event.
(c) Satisfactory performance as the Chief of Course or Chief Gate Judge at a J1 and/or FIS level event:
(d) Satisfactory performance at 2 event assignments as Race Secretary, Chief of Timing and Calculation or Race Chairman at a J1 and/or FIS level event.